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What is CCNA?


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#1 TheDarkLord

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Posted 23 March 2009 - 07:50 AM

So what is CCNA R&S?

Well the official definition is:

Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA®) validates the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-size route and switched networks, including implementation and verification of connections to remote sites in a WAN.

Whats in it?

CCNA curriculum includes basic mitigation of security threats, introduction to wireless networking concepts and terminology and performance-based skills. This new curriculum also includes (but is not limited to) the use of these protocols: IP, Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), Serial Line Interface Protocol Frame Relay, Routing Information Protocol Version 2 (RIPv2),VLANs, Ethernet, access control lists (ACLs).

When i read this i was like wow things have changed a lot. I gave my CCNA about three years ago, and it was nothing like this. Don't get me wrong it was hard as hell, but was more routing & switching. Now in the new CCNA R&S, you have wireless and a hint of security.

CCNA Exam info:

You can get your CCNA by either:

1) Passing one exam 640-802. Its close to 90 minutes long and have about 55-60 questions.

or

2) You can divide the course work into two parts.

i. 640-822 ICND1 : 90 minutes with 40-50 questions.
ii. 640-816 ICND2 : 90 minutes with 40-50 questions.

Whichever style of studying you decide to do the course work is the same.


Speaking of course work lets see whats in it:

a) Describe how a network works:

It always comes down to basics. The OSI model, the Hex, Asci, Dec conversions. The components of a network. The cables the devices and the types of networks. This is your foundation. Give as much time as you can to this.

b.) Configure, verify and troubleshoot a switch with VLANs and interswitch communications

The magic word is VLANs. Give as much time as you possibly can to understand how they work, and how to configure them. You will also want to learn how to configure a switch and how to do basic port security.

c) Implement an IP addressing scheme and IP Services to meet network requirements in a medium-size Enterprise branch office network

Its all about how to effectively deploy a network. Read about different IP classes. The most important thing is to know how to use subnetting to achieve a design goal. Practice, practice and practice. That the only way to learn it, learn it until its second nature to you.

You also want to learn about DNS and DHCP. In the new course work you are required to learn about IPV6 also. So give special attention to this. They will test you on this.

d) Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic router operation and routing on Cisco devices

Here is where all the dirty work is done. You are required to learn about different routing protocols including RIP, EIGRP, IGRP and OSPF. You would want to learn about how to configure these routing protocols. Also pay special attention to the different Show and Debug commands.

You will also learn about the IOS, how it works, how to upgrade, copy and erase the configurations.

e) Explain and select the appropriate administrative tasks required for a WLAN

This is a new edition to the CCNA curriculum. It is very basic but still requires understanding of WLAN technologies, components and security options. Read and understand key terms like SSID, BSS, ESS, WEP and WPA.

f) Implement, verify, and troubleshoot NAT and ACLs in a medium-size Enterprise branch office network

You are required to have a deep understanding of how to configure and troubleshoot NAT.

Also securing your network with access lists is a major part of the CCNA curriculum. You will be asked to describe how the ACLs work. You may also be required to configure ACLs. Its very important that you understand different types of access-lists and how to apply them to the correct interfaces to achieve the design goals.

g) Implement and verify WAN links

For your CCNA, frame-relay is the next very important technology for you to understand. Give extra time to understanding how different WAN technologies work and how to configure them to achieve connectivity between remote devices, these will include PPP, Frame Relay and VPNs.

How to Study for it?

Its all upto to you. You don't have to start with a Cisco Official book if you don't want too. If you are new to networking, i would recommend you get some basic networking knowledge first. Use google if you have to, pickup a good networking book and read it.

Once you have a good understanding proceed to the official guides. If you can't afford one, use google, you will be amazed of how much information is out there.

Next you will need hands on experience with different cisco devices. The ideal solution would be to get some routers and switches, but if you can't afford to buy them then use simulation softwares.

I would recommend to either go with Cisco Packet Tracer or use GNS3. The difference is that you would be using real IOSs to emulate devices in GNS3.

I hope this little introduction to CCNA was helpful. Best of luck to all who are preparing for their CCNA. And remember if you have a problem, feel free to post it here.

Don't worry if you think the problem is simple. Remember we were noobs too. :D
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#2 certhero

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Posted 23 March 2009 - 10:26 AM

nice tips man :) thx!
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#3 thead

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Posted 24 March 2009 - 04:03 AM

Yeah the CCNA nowdays are much different compared to old one, the new one cover broad cover of technologies , when i look back the CCNA was pure routing-and-switching maybe some WAN ,i still remember when i hold a student guide for 1st semester CCNA v3.11 and looking at Packet tracer 3.2

PS: i still have PT3.2 installed you know, old habits :D
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#4 faisal.saleem

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Posted 24 March 2009 - 06:03 AM

Nice explanation D.L.

Well i wana share something info regarding cisco blue prints which i was read in the beginning of official Qos book.. here is the copy paste,


Interpreting the Exam Topics

The exam topics, like most exam topics listed by Cisco for other exams, use action words that follow a quasistandard called "Bloom's Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain." Bloom's taxonomy defines a standard for word usage for when educators create objectives for courses. Objectives written according to Bloom's Taxonomy define what the learner should be able to accomplish after taking the class.

So, when you look at an exam topic, look for the action word. If you want to see a description of Bloom's Taxonomy, search the Internet, and you will find a lot of matches. My favorite quick list of terms is at http://chiron.valdos...sys/bloom.html. The action word in the exam topic gives you a good hint about the level of knowledge and skill you need to have before taking the exam. For instance, a course objective that uses the word "list" as the action word means that you should be able to list the features, but an action word such as "configure" means you should know all the related configuration commands, and how to use them. "Troubleshoot" might mean that you need to know what all the show and debug commands do for a particular topic.

For a speicific example, under the section about Traffic Policing and Shaping, the last exam topic says "Identify the Cisco IOS commands required to configure and monitor Frame Relay adaptive CB-Shaping on Frame Relay interfaces." So, you had better know the configuration for adaptive CBShaping, and not just the concepts.

What does Bloom's Taxonomy mean in terms of how you study for the exam? It means that you should focus on the action words in the exam topics, and make sure you can do those things for the stated topics. In a perfect world, the exam questions would also follow the same convention. However, some questions will slip through. However, when you are trying to determine your strategy for studying, and you are choosing the topics to focus on, or the basic topics, you should definitely interpret the meaning of the exam topics.

In addition, Cisco states that the posted exam topics for all its certification exams are guidelines. Cisco makes the effort to store their questions in an exam databases within the confines of the stated exam objectives, but doing this for every question and every exam is difficult. Thus, you could see questions that both fall outside the scope, and the depth, implied by the exam topics. However, if you follow the Cisco exam topic "guidelines," you should have a good understanding of the breadth and depth of topics on the exam.
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#5 dilsh99

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Posted 24 March 2009 - 08:15 PM

great work!!
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#6 Goku20

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Posted 28 April 2009 - 06:14 PM

thanks for the tip but i was wondering if you might know where one could get some CCNA simulations to practise for the exam.

would like to retake the CCNA in June and would love to be well prepared.

Thanks
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#7 eng_aah

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Posted 25 June 2009 - 08:33 AM

Thank you man.
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#8 sunil4u

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Posted 01 September 2009 - 03:51 PM

SUNIL.... (ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA) [FRESHER to forum and Networking field]

I completed my B.TECH This Year
(COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-2005-09 Batch JNTU)

i am thinking to OPT networking Field..........i started prepration CCNA
i want to start my career with CISCO ^_^
coz i need to get a job and well settle in my CAREER with GOOD PAY SCALE ;)

???will NETWORKING help to do that....... ++++++ WITH MY DEVOTION to it
and to get jobs in US or UK after getting Good experience in INDIA


i am in a DILEMMA ......

???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
after changing my mind fromV IDEO EDITNG field(which first i
thought to learn FCP)
but i turn back i will be Nowhere to IT field..thats what i am afraid of...
??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????



it seems to like a silly matter :blush:

BUT what can i do ........i have to take a GOOD DECISSION ..as this is my PEAK STATE to TAKE A DECISION AND START MY CAREER (COZ i AM seriously in need of a job .that can transit to MY SOLID CAREER) :)

if u feel dis comfort with this QUESTION
pls post it to any one that u think can give me EXACT SITUTIONAL ANSWER WITH A BIT OF ADVICE


THANKS IN ADVENCE to all the kind hearts of sadikhov forum
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#9 fayazcb

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Posted 05 September 2009 - 05:46 AM

thanks for the tip but i was wondering if you might know where one could get some CCNA simulations to practise for the exam.

would like to retake the CCNA in June and would love to be well prepared.

Thanks



Simulator is available for free. Mail to itmaster.us@gmail.com
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#10 IPCamara

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Posted 17 September 2009 - 10:47 AM

Lovely info on just basically what CCNA is all about. Great that i hv my 640-801 exam passed already!!!
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#11 muhammadimran

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Posted 17 September 2009 - 10:25 PM

hi

this is an excellent post.and i got many useful information from this post.

thanks alot brother
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#12 Human&Machine

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Posted 18 September 2009 - 05:31 PM

http://lmgtfy.com/?q=What+is+CCNA%3F

Edited by Human&Machine, 18 September 2009 - 05:32 PM.

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#13 JustJ

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Posted 22 September 2009 - 07:12 PM

here is some info about what stuff do CCNA courses include :)


CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate)

The CCNA validates the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot enterprise level router and switched networks. This includes design implementation and verification of connections to remote sites in a WAN. New CCNA training includes basic mitigation of security threats, introduction to wireless networking and Voice.[6]

The CCNA certification is earned upon passing the ICND1 640-822 and ICND2 640-816 exams. Examinees may take the exams separately or the single 640-802 composite exam.[7]

These exams are conducted by authorized test centers at a cost of USD$125 each for the ICND1 or ICND2 exams and, effective 06-23-2008[8], USD$250 for the composite CCNA exam.
[edit] CCNA Paths

At the CCNA level, CCNA certified individuals will specialize in specific technologies. All specialized tracks require an individual to pass and maintain a CCNA certification.

* CCNA Security

CCNA Security validates knowledge of security infrastructure, threats and vulnerabilities to networks, and threat mitigation. Skills include installation, troubleshooting and monitoring of network devices to maintain integrity, confidentiality and availability of data and devices and develops competency in "Cisco IOS Network Security"

This certification is earned by passing the IINS 640-553 (Implementing Cisco IOS Network Security, or IINS) exam. The price of the exam is USD$250. [9][10]

* CCNA Voice

The Cisco CCNA Voice certification validates a skill set for specialized job roles in voice technologies such as voice technologies administrator, voice engineer, and voice manager. The CCNA Voice certification involves implementing Cisco IOS Unified Communications. It validates skills in VoIP technologies such as IP PBX, IP telephony, handset, call control, and voicemail solutions. Candidates also get exposure to the Cisco Unified Communications architecture and design covering mobility, presence, and TelePresence applications.[11][12]

The CCNA Voice certification is earned by passing the 640-460 IIUC (Implementing Cisco IOS Unified Communications) or 642-436 CVOICE (Cisco Voice Over IP) exams.

* CCNA Wireless

The CCNA Wireless certification validates the knowledge of professionals supporting wireless LANs including Networking Associates/Administrators, Wireless Support Specialists and WLAN project managers. The CCNA Wireless certification involves implementing Cisco Unified Wireless Networking Essentials.

The CCNA Wireless Certification validates candidate's skills in the configuration, implementation and support of wireless LANs, specifically those networks using Cisco equipment. Students completing the recommended Cisco training are provided with information and practice activities to prepare them for configuring, monitoring and troubleshooting basic tasks of a Cisco WLAN in SMB and Enterprise networks. Employers will be able to validate their staff have the skills needed for basic wireless networking on a Cisco WLAN in SMB and enterprise networks after completing certification.

The CCNA Wireless certification is earned by passing the 640-721 IUWNE (Implementing Cisco Unified Wireless Networking Essentials) exam.
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#14 quocvuong.info

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Posted 26 September 2009 - 12:37 AM

Thank for share!
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#15 future man

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Posted 26 September 2009 - 03:48 PM

master workk
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#16 silent_milesZel

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Posted 04 November 2009 - 01:00 AM

Other information was the CCNA Security certification lays the foundation for job roles such as Network Security Specialist, Security Administrator and Network Security Support Engineer. It is the first step for individuals wishing to obtain their CCSP certification.





_________________
IP PBX
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#17 neds

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Posted 23 November 2009 - 11:15 PM

Hello,
I am studying about IUWNE and *** MODERATED ***

We do not tolerate any requests for dumps or dicussions regarding dumps!

Please read the FAQ and RULES before posting!

I also recommend taking a look at Sadikhov's Official Announcement on the Recent Changes


I read a lot in this forum, and I thing that the interest on this exam is small, based on the comments. The most posts are older than 2 months. If someone is interest like me /CCNA Wireless or Security/ I will be glad to discuss the things that are new, the last updates of books, exams, technologies... and so on...

Edited by Sunfish, 24 November 2009 - 02:21 AM.

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#18 suman das

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Posted 30 November 2009 - 07:08 AM

Thanks...
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#19 tekxp

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Posted 30 November 2009 - 09:07 AM

http://freeciscolearning.blogspot.com/

check it for some real world look at cisco, stuff not on ccna. But I do have CCNA and willing to help out.
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#20 shijunhua618

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Posted 03 December 2009 - 06:52 PM

Thanks...
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#21 aravi2

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Posted 09 December 2009 - 08:58 PM

Thanks!! Great
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#22 kiranch

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Posted 12 December 2009 - 06:18 PM

Hello friend , i want to get CISCO certification ..i did my B TECH in IT
i came to know that there are two ways to go through to get CCNA certification
1)one exam called 640-802 to become a CCNA Certified.
OR

2) 2 exams i.e the same exam but in different phases.
640-822 (ICND1) = CCENT < n CCENT but not yet a CCNA.
640-816 ICND2 = CCNA now

wt is better to do a direct exam or in two way approach
or is it better to do CCENT now and then go to CCNA ?
is CCENT valuable one?


how can CISCO certifications help me to do MS in networking
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#23 ktzaf

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Posted 09 February 2010 - 09:04 AM

Hey there!! I'm new to this forum and it seems realy helpfull. I would like to ask a question. Can you arrange your ccna exam anytime you want or are there any standard periods to take the exam?
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#24 pwd_directory

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Posted 13 February 2010 - 08:48 PM

Nice Info
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#25 indiboy

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Posted 02 March 2010 - 03:06 PM

Thanx
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#26 DDiew

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Posted 16 March 2010 - 02:27 PM

Thank you for your tips
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#27 Digital.

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Posted 19 March 2010 - 02:16 PM

Thanks :)
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#28 notgoing2fail

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Posted 20 March 2010 - 01:08 AM

Hey there!! I'm new to this forum and it seems realy helpfull. I would like to ask a question. Can you arrange your ccna exam anytime you want or are there any standard periods to take the exam?



You can just call the testing center and arrange a time to take the exam....
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#29 lisabrandon

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Posted 16 April 2010 - 05:59 PM

hey can anyone help me out? What is true about VLAN trunk protocol?
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#30 sumudro

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Posted 18 May 2010 - 04:47 AM

Hi,
My CCNA certification (old exam #640-801) is going to expire soon. How can I retain this? Do i need to go for another CCNA Exam or ICND2 would be alright for this.
Thanks
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