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PIM Sparse and Dense


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#1 rivc1982

rivc1982

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Posted 30 April 2015 - 04:58 AM

From all the studying I have done I have interpreted that when an interface in a cisco router is configured for one mode or the other, that is the way it will handle multicast traffic.

 

As I read and try to fully grasp multicasting I usually run into a wall where things just don't make any sense.

 

Here is my situation:

 

Router A has fa0/0 interface to Router B fa0/0 (both ends configured in PIM sparse-mode). Router A has a static join for a multicast group 239.192.10.100. Router B is the BSR for the segment and the RP for the group. Router B has one link to another router with it configured in stricly PIM dense-mode.

 

Why is it that when I perform a show ip mroute on router B it shows the (*,G) with an outgoing interface of both the sparse and the dense mode interface? From all my reading (which doesn't really talk about operating multiple router interfaces in different modes in depth) I figured if there was an RP then the shared tree would extend from the receiver toward the RP and stop. Why does it also list the dense mode interface in the outgoing interface list? Anybody know where I can find an explanation in writing?

 

Please note I did this in GNS3. Is it a bug? Below are my configs and findings.

 

Router A

ip multicast-routing
!
interface FastEthernet0/0

Description Link to Router 2
 ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0
 ip pim sparse-mode
 ip igmp join-group 239.192.10.100
 duplex auto
 speed auto
!
router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 network 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 area 0
!

 

Router B

ip multicast-routing
!

interface Loopback0
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
 ip pim sparse-mode
!
interface FastEthernet0/0

Description Link to Router A
 ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0
 ip pim sparse-mode
 duplex auto
 speed auto
!
interface FastEthernet1/0
 ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0
 ip pim bsr-border
 ip pim dense-mode
 duplex auto
 speed auto
!
router ospf 1
 log-adjacency-changes
 network 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 area 0
!
ip forward-protocol nd
!
!
ip pim bsr-candidate Loopback0 0
ip pim rp-candidate Loopback0 group-list 10 priority 20
!
access-list 10 permit 239.192.10.101

 

Router A#show ip mroute
IP Multicast Routing Table
Flags: D - Dense, S - Sparse, B - Bidir Group, s - SSM Group, C - Connected,
       L - Local, P - Pruned, R - RP-bit set, F - Register flag,
       T - SPT-bit set, J - Join SPT, M - MSDP created entry,
       X - Proxy Join Timer Running, A - Candidate for MSDP Advertisement,
       U - URD, I - Received Source Specific Host Report,
       Z - Multicast Tunnel, z - MDT-data group sender,
       Y - Joined MDT-data group, y - Sending to MDT-data group
Outgoing interface flags: H - Hardware switched, A - Assert winner
 Timers: Uptime/Expires
 Interface state: Interface, Next-Hop or VCD, State/Mode

(*, 239.192.10.100), 00:00:01/00:02:58, RP 1.1.1.1, flags: SJPL
  Incoming interface: FastEthernet0/0, RPF nbr 192.168.12.2
  Outgoing interface list: Null

(*, 224.0.1.40), 00:00:01/00:02:58, RP 0.0.0.0, flags: DPL
  Incoming interface: Null, RPF nbr 0.0.0.0
  Outgoing interface list: Null

 

Router B#show ip mroute
IP Multicast Routing Table
Flags: D - Dense, S - Sparse, B - Bidir Group, s - SSM Group, C - Connected,
       L - Local, P - Pruned, R - RP-bit set, F - Register flag,
       T - SPT-bit set, J - Join SPT, M - MSDP created entry,
       X - Proxy Join Timer Running, A - Candidate for MSDP Advertisement,
       U - URD, I - Received Source Specific Host Report,
       Z - Multicast Tunnel, z - MDT-data group sender,
       Y - Joined MDT-data group, y - Sending to MDT-data group
Outgoing interface flags: H - Hardware switched, A - Assert winner
 Timers: Uptime/Expires
 Interface state: Interface, Next-Hop or VCD, State/Mode

(*, 239.192.10.100), 00:00:03/00:02:56, RP 1.1.1.1, flags: SJC
  Incoming interface: Null, RPF nbr 0.0.0.0
  Outgoing interface list:
    FastEthernet1/0, Forward/Dense, 00:00:03/00:00:00
    FastEthernet0/0, Forward/Sparse, 00:00:03/00:02:56

(*, 224.0.1.40), 00:00:51/00:02:53, RP 0.0.0.0, flags: DCL
  Incoming interface: Null, RPF nbr 0.0.0.0
  Outgoing interface list:
    FastEthernet1/0, Forward/Dense, 00:00:52/00:00:00
    FastEthernet0/0, Forward/Sparse, 00:00:52/00:02:52
    Loopback0, Forward/Sparse, 00:00:52/00:02:42


 


Edited by rivc1982, 30 April 2015 - 05:00 AM.

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